In the past, the construction of a new golf course required completely ripping up landscapes in order to fit and conform the area to the design and style of the golf course plan. Fortunately, that type of golf course development has been replaced by a more environmentally considerate design.
For instance, take the uninhabited island of Isla Viveros just off the coast of Panama; the entire island is to be turned into the next the big golfing tourist destination. The course has been designed by Jack Nicklaus and is expected to cash something in the region of $300 million, although only four holes are expected to be complete by the middle of 2009.
Source [Hey Kobe]